The City of Millville was born at what is today Union Lake. Joseph Smith and others formed the Union Estates Company in 1776, purchasing 24,000 acres of land and establishing a mill at the head of the Maurice River. To power the mill, the Union Estates Company enlarged a dam along the northern part of the Maurice River and established the first meaningful development along the waterway. A second dam was built in the 1860s where it is today, having replaced the first one that had been farther upstream.
The first to recognize the land with its number of forests and its position on the river was Captain Joseph Buck, a veteran of the Revolutionary War who had served under George Washington. It was in 1795 that he drew up his plans for the town. Lots went up for sale shortly before the village was organized as a township in 1801. When he died in 1803 there were fewer than 20 houses.
Millville got its name in the 1790s from the numerous mills and factories that were planned for the site. Because South Jersey has an abundance of silica sand (silica sand is a fine white grained sand, similar to that of coastal beaches), it was perfect for the beginnings of the glass industry that we are proud of today.
The City of Millville was incorporated as a city by an act of the state legislature in 1866 and operated under the mayor-council form of government until 1913. The mayor was elected by the people. In 1913, the Walsh Act was passed and the city began its present commission form of government. There are five elected commissioners, one of whom serves as mayor.
Millville is located in Cumberland County in southern New Jersey approximately 45 miles from Philadelphia, 120 miles from New York City, and 140 miles from Washington, D.C. It lies between the southern termini of the New Jersey Turnpike, the Garden State Parkway, State Highway 55 (which runs through the northeastern portion of the city), and the Atlantic City Expressway. Its bordering municipalities include Deerfield Township, Lawrence Township, Downe Township, Commercial Township, Maurice River Township, and Vineland City. Union Lake, over 4,000 acres of upland, Maurice River, and two Wildlife Management Areas embody some of the natural alluring sites. Comprising an area of about 44.3 square miles, approximately 8% of the area is devoted to agriculture; 8% to commercial and industrial; 10% to residential; 13% to municipal, school, recreational, water, sewer, streets, and the municipal airport; and the remaining 61% is vacant land and woodlands.
Transportation is provided by bus to Philadelphia, New York City, and Wilmington, Delaware. Several motor freight common carriers connect Millville with Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, and other cities. The Millville Municipal Airport is an air freight depot and a maintenance field. Water transportation is available by means of the Maurice River which is navigable to the center of the city.